China wants US trade deal but ‘not afraid’ to fight, stresses Xi - GulfToday

China wants US trade deal but ‘not afraid’ to fight, stresses Xi


Chinese President Xi Jinping (right) and Vice Premier Liu He attend a meeting with delegates from the 2019 New Economy Forum in Beijing on Friday. Associated Press

China wants to reach an initial trade deal with the United States, President Xi Jinping said on Friday, but is “not afraid” to fight back when necessary and will enact economic reforms at its own pace.

It is rare for Xi to speak so directly about the trade war and his comments come two days after US President Donald Trump complained that Beijing had not made sufficient concessions so far, making him reluctant to conclude a bargain.

The world’s two biggest economies have been locked in a bruising trade conflict for more than a year, hitting each other with volleys of tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars’ worth of goods.

“As we always said we don’t want to start the trade war but we are not afraid,” Xi told former US officials and other foreign dignitaries at a meeting at Beijing’s Great Hall of the People.

“When necessary we will fight back but we have been working actively to try not to have a trade war,” he told the group, which included former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former US Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson and Trump’s former economic adviser Gary Cohn.

In a freewheeling Fox News interview hours later, Trump said a deal was “potentially very close” but quickly added that China was under greater pressure to reach a resolution.

“He wants to make a deal much more than I want to make it. I’m not anxious to make it.” Trump on October 11 announced a “phase one” deal resolving important US grievances about Chinese trade and currency practices.

But the two sides have yet to ink the deal.

The Chinese commerce ministry said top trade negotiators had “constructive” discussions on the phone on Saturday.

China has insisted on a rollback of existing tariffs, to which Trump has said he did not agree. American officials want large purchases of US farm exports.

US lawmakers’ approval this week of legislation supporting pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong has also cast a shadow on the negotiations.

“We want to work for a phase-one agreement on the basis of mutual respect and equality,” Xi told the foreign visitors, who were in town for the Bloomberg New Economy Forum.

The Chinese leader said the trade talks “may affect the future prospects of the world economy” and China holds a “positive attitude”.

Diana Choyleva, chief economist at Enodo Economics, said Xi’s comments do not mean that Beijing is about to go on the offensive, but it shows that it is “not going to budge”.

Xi renewed China’s pledge to further reform and open up its economy, but he warned it has been “very cautious and rigorous” in doing so.

“We cannot afford any fundamental or drastic mistake. If a giant ship like China capsizes it cannot be turned over,” he said.

Trump launched his trade war in March 2018, demanding that China end practices widely seen as unfair − such as forced technology transfers from US firms, and massive subsidies given to Chinese firms.

China needs to advance its reforms of state-owned enterprises and protect intellectual property rights, Xi said.

“This is not something imposed on us. We are doing this out of our initiative,” he said.

Xi said he told IMF chief Kristalina Georgieva, who met him earlier, that China will continue on the path of financial reform and opening, but “the precondition is that we will ensure security of our nation’s financial sovereignty”.

Technology is another major front in the trade war, with Washington angering Beijing by imposing sanctions on telecom giant Huawei amid US concerns that its equipment could be used for Chinese espionage.

Xi warned that a “technological iron curtain” would “affect the future prospect of humanity”.

Paulson, the former US Treasury chief, told Xi that 5G wireless technology could be “either a potential area of conflict or cooperation for China and US”.

“I believe key to minimising conflict is if we can develop shared standards for emerging technologies,” he said.

Kissinger, who warned at the forum Thursday that the trade war could snowball into armed conflict, told Xi that “our nations have to cooperate if there is to be a prosperous international order.”

US President Donald Trump on Friday said Washington and Beijing could be on the cusp of sealing a partial trade deal but reiterated he was in no hurry to sign.

“We have a deal, potentially very close,” Trump said during a freewheeling interview on Fox News.

“He wants to make a deal much more than I want to make it. I’m not anxious to make it.” Trump added that revenues from tariffs on Chinese imports were a windfall for the United States, something economists say is in fact weighing on the economy.


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