Demonstrators take part in a protest against the govt in Santiago on Thursday. Martin Bernetti/ AFP
Chile announced on Friday it will stage a referendum to replace the country’s dictatorship-era constitution next year — a key demand of protesters after nearly a month of sometimes violent civil unrest.
The current charter, in force since 1980 and enacted by the former military junta of Augusto Pinochet, has been changed numerous times in the years since.
But it does not establish the state’s responsibility to provide education and healthcare — two demands made by millions of Chileans who have taken to the streets.
Lawmakers in Chile’s National Congress agreed early Friday to hold the plebiscite in April 2020 after hours of negotiations between the governing coalition and opposition parties.
The referendum will ask voters whether the constitution should be replaced and if so, how a new charter should be drafted, Senate president Jaime Quintana said.
The unrest that began on Oct.18 with protests against a rise in rush-hour metro fares has mushroomed into a broader outcry against the status quo, with burning, looting and daily confrontations between demonstrators and police.
The crisis is Chile’s biggest since its return to democracy in 1990, leaving 20 dead — five at the hands of state forces — and more than 1,000 injured.
Protesters cite low wages, high costs for education and healthcare and a yawning gap between rich and poor in a country dominated politically and economically by a few elite families.
Demonstrators have demanded greater social reform from President Sebastian Pinera, who has announced several measures in a bid to appease the public mood.
After weeks of sometimes violent demonstrations, most polls show the protest movement is supported by 75 per cent of Chileans.
A slightly larger number — 87 per cent, according to a survey by pollster Cadem published this month — say they favor the protesters’ demand for constitutional reforms.
A few days after Pinera became president last year, his government announced it would not allow the consideration of a bill to amend the constitution that his socialist predecessor Michelle Bachelet had submitted to congress.
Chileans poured into the country’s main squares on Sunday night after voters gave a ringing endorsement to a plan to tear up the country’s Pinochet-era constitution in favour of a new charter drafted by citizens.
The vote comes after the most violent day since July of youth-led protests that seek to rewrite the constitution, to remove Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha — a former junta leader — and to reform King Maha Vajiralongkorn’s monarchy.
Chileans in a bold democratic move rejected in a referendum a new constitution that was drafted by a convention with equal number of women and men delegates. It is a constitution that proposed to make Chile a “plurinational state”, declared Indigenous autonomous territories, gave priority to environment and gender parity.
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