An aerial view shows power-generating windmill turbines in a wind farm in Graincourt-les-Havrincourt, France. Reuters
The 27-nation EU aims to be "carbon neutral" by 2050 — reducing greenhouse gases to a level where the amount produced is balanced out by the amount removed from the atmosphere.
The bloc also wants to wean itself off dependence on Russian oil, coal and gas.
To this end, it is seeking not only to use less energy but also to increase the amount of energy generated domestically from renewable resources.
That includes producing electric vehicles and batteries, bringing in more wind, solar and hydrogen technologies, and creating infrastructure to distribute this clean power.
But expanding clean technologies will require substantial inputs of raw metals and -- in initial stages at least -- much of this will probably have to be imported, according to the study by Belgium's KU Leuven university.
To bring carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions down to "net zero" by 2050, the EU will need "35 times more lithium" than it uses today and "seven to 26 times the amount of increasingly scarce rare earth metals", the "Metals for Clean Energy" report said.
The energy transition will also require far greater annual supplies of aluminium, copper, silicon, nickel and cobalt.
Negotiators of the European Parliament and the European Council, which represents the 27 EU members, agreed to a deal on the legislation called the Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) late on Tuesday.
She asks everyone to join her Sept.20-27 in the streets to make a difference.
India’s young climate activist, 23-year-old Madhav Datt, founder of ‘Green the Gene’, one of the world’s largest youth-run environmental non-profit organisations, joined the One Young World
The uncrewed six-legged robot lander, dubbed Odysseus, touched down at about 6:23 p.m. EST (2323 GMT). The landing capped a nail-biting final approach and descent in which a problem surfaced with the spacecraft's autonomous navigation system.
The Emirates Red Crescent (ERC) has distributed 29,374 bread bundles benefiting 293,830 individuals. The move is part of a bakery project started by the charity.
Experts said the building was covered with a highly-flammable cladding which could account for the rapid spread of the inferno, which began around 5:30 pm (1630 GMT) on Thursday.