A woman reacts after a deadly fire broke out at the Abu Sifin Church, in Giza, Egypt, on Sunday. Reuters
The blaze, blamed on an electrical fault, hit the Abu Sifin church in densely populated Imbaba west of the Nile river, part of Giza governorate.
Witnesses described panicked scenes as people rushed into the multi-storey house of worship to rescue those trapped but were soon overwhelmed by the heat and deadly smoke.
"Everyone was carrying kids out of the building," said Ahmed Reda Baioumy, who lives next to the Church. "But the fire was getting bigger and you could only go in once or you would asphyxiate."
The Egyptian Coptic church and the health ministry reported 41 dead and 14 injured in the blaze before emergency services said they had brought the blaze under control.
President Abdel Fattah Al Sisi declared on his Facebook page in the morning: "I have mobilised all state services to ensure that all measures are taken."
He later said he had "presented his condolences by phone" to Pope Tawadros II, who has been the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church since 2012.
The Giza governor ordered "urgent aid of 50,000 pounds (around $2,600) for the families of the deceased and 10,000 pounds for the injured."
Women react after a deadly fire broke out at the Abu Sifin church in Giza. Reuters
The grand imam of Al Azhar, Egypt's foremost Muslim institution, expressed his condolences for "the tragic accident" and affirmed "the readiness of Al-Azhar hospitals to receive the injured."
The fire blocked an entrance to the church, causing a stampede, officials said, adding that most of those killed were children.
The interior ministry said "forensic evidence revealed that the blaze broke out in an air-conditioning unit on the second floor of the church building" which also houses social services.
A picture shows the damage at the Abu Sifin church in Giza. AFP
Father Farid Fahmy, of another nearby church in Imbaba, told AFP the fire was caused by a short circuit. "The power was out and they were using a generator," he said. "When the power came back, it caused an overload."
People watch near the scene where a deadly fire broke out at the Abu Sifin church in Giza. Reuters
Accidental fires are not uncommon in the sprawling megalopolis of Cairo, where millions live in informal settlements.
Baioumy, the neighbour, told AFP that fire-fighters were hampered by the fact the Church is located "on a very narrow street" where buildings stand barely a few metres apart and fire engines can barely manoeuvre.
Giza, Egypt's second-largest city, lies just across the Nile from Cairo.
Fifteen firefighting vehicles were dispatched to the scene to put out the flames while ambulances ferried the casualties to nearby hospitals.
Thirty-six others were injured, some of them critically, in a blaze that sent people scrambling up the stairs toward the roof in a desperate — and futile — attempt to escape.
The health minister said the blaze may have been caused by a defective anti-mosquito device. The national emergency service said in a statement that the fire was under control but not yet extinguished.
The blaze was put out at 2:30am and an investigation into the cause is underway. All the injured were treated at the hospital and believed to be in stable condition.
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The vote in the 15-member Security Council was 13-1 with the United Kingdom abstaining. The United States circulated a rival UNSC resolution that would support a temporary cease-fire in Gaza linked to the release of all hostages, and call for the lifting of all restrictions on the delivery of humanitarian aid.